dimanche 25 mai 2008

L'attention ("mindfulness")

Je vous mets ici la traduction du dernier post de maître Nishijima. C'est au sujet d'un concept anglophone assez difficile à rendre en français, "mindfulness", qui signifie "prêter attention", "être attentif", "être soigneux", "se souvenir de". Il est souvent employé dans certaines branches du Bouddhisme. Mais voici ce qu'en pense Nishijima:

http://gudoblog-e.blogspot.com/

Samedi 24 mai 2008
Sur l'attention

Chers membres du Dogen Sangha International et des groupes Dogen Sangha!

Ce matin, j'ai reçu une très importante question sur l'attention ("Mindfulness") de la part du Vén. Hanrei Banzan, d'Irlande, et je lui ai déjà répondu sur le Blogue, mais je pense qu'il s'agit d'un sujet très important pour le Bouddhisme. En effet, de nombreuses personnes qui ne comprennent pas le Bouddhisme dans son sens véritable croient cette idée d'"attention" très importante pour comprendre le Bouddhisme. Je crois au contraire que cette interprétation est porteuse de dangereux contresens. C'est pourquoi je pense depuis longtemps que nous, vrais bouddhistes, devons comprendre le sens véritable de "l'attention" et ne jamais croire qu'elle soit le Bouddhisme, car nous pourrions en faire une sorte de philosophie idéaliste et donc, une révérence exclusive de l'attention ne peut en aucun cas être une pensée bouddhique, mais simplement idéaliste.

C'est pourquoi j'ai envoyé cette réponse ce matin au Vén. Hanrei Banzan. Et comme je la crois très importante pour une compréhension exacte du Bouddhisme, je vous la fais aussi parvenir.

Blogger HezB said...

Cher Roshi,

En Occident, diverses sources bouddhistes nous parlent beaucoup de "mindfulness". On considère très largement que c'est une pratique bouddhique qui cherche à mener nos tâches quotidiennes avec une attention sans faille, qui pourrait être semblable à "l'unicité de concentration" développée dans certains types de méditation.

Qu'en pensez-vous?

Merci et considérations,

Hanrei.
10:32 PM, May 23, 2008
Blogger GUDO NISHIJIMA said...

Cher Ven. Hanrei San,

Merci beaucoup de me signaler ce dangereux concept de "mindfulness."

Je pense que le mot "mindfulness" signifie l'état d'esprit où on est très attentif à la fonction mentale.

Ce mot pourrait donc être en profonde relation avec la philosophie idéaliste.

Cependant, depuis quelque temps, de prétendus enseignants bouddhistes insistent sur l'importance de ce concept. Ce qui pourrait vouloir dire que le Bouddhisme est une sorte de philosophie idéaliste.

Donc, j'ai bien peur qu'il s'agirait là d'un méconception sur le Bouddhisme.

Nous ne devons jamais oublier que ce dernier n'est en rien une philosophie idéaliste, et que si quelqu'un, dans le Bouddhisme, révère la "mindfulness", il ne peut en aucun cas être bouddhiste.

Gudo Wafu Nishijima
_______________________________________________________
On reconnaît bien là le langage abrupt et sans concessions de maître Nishijima. C'est pourquoi j'y adjoins le commentaire qu'en fait Brad Warner:

"Je suis si heureux que Nishijima Roshi ait posté ceci sur l'attention. (...) J'en ai tellement marre de ce truc que c'est merveilleux de constater que quelqu'un d'autre pense pareil. Et non, nous n'en avons jamais parlé ensemble.

"J'ai dit il y a peu que je voulais détruire tout ce culte de l'attention qui se développe dans le Bouddhisme de nos jours. Comme le fait remarquer Nishijima, le mot "attention" en est venu à signifier s'enfoncer de plus en plus profondément dans notre propre tête, et ce n'est absolument pas ça, le Bouddhisme. Je pense que j'ai déjà dû me répandre là-dessus. Mais je vis dans un centre de méditation où de nombreux enseignants font leur truc. Je ne pourrais dire combien de fois je me suis retrouvé dans ma chambre à écouter quelqu'un gloser sur l'attention, et sortir, une fois que c'est fini, pour constater qu'ils ont laissé la porte déverrouillée, les fenêtres grandes ouvertes, les chaises dispersées tout partout... Mais quelle sorte de putain d'attention est-ce qu'ils étudient là?"

33 commentaires:

Tao a dit…

Bonjour,

J'ai peur de ne pas saisir le lien entre l'attention et l'idéalisme...Ok je "vois" que l'attention est attention à la fonction mentale, mais comment être attentif autrement? Le Zen n'est il pas fondamentalement une attention au moment présent?

merci par avance pour vos lumières.

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